Clingendael Academy will train 18 African women mediators in the coming two weeks. The training “Negotiation and Mediation as an Instrument for Conflict Resolution” is a follow-up programme of several capacity building courses.
How could foreign policy instruments be helpful in responding to major cyber-attacks? This policy brief provides a first exploration of this topic by investigating five cases of international cyber-attacks which had a great deal of societal impact.
Gold, oil and the lure of violence:private sector and post-conflict risks in Colombia. This report presents a number of the challenges for Colombia’s post-conflict stability arising from criminal networks and activities in regions associated with the extractive industry – and specifically in regions dedicated to oil extraction and gold mining.
In the book, the authors maintain that uprisings similar to the ones of the Arab Spring can be typified as “dynamically multilevel” processes involving individuals, groups, and states with continually shifting priorities due to existing risks of potential violence and instability