How could foreign policy instruments be helpful in responding to major cyber-attacks? This policy brief provides a first exploration of this topic by investigating five cases of international cyber-attacks which had a great deal of societal impact.
Gold, oil and the lure of violence:private sector and post-conflict risks in Colombia. This report presents a number of the challenges for Colombia’s post-conflict stability arising from criminal networks and activities in regions associated with the extractive industry – and specifically in regions dedicated to oil extraction and gold mining.
This report by Peter van Ham examines whether, and if so how, the BRICS are a security challenge to the European Union (EU). The report argues that, apart from demanding a larger “voice” in global governance, most BRICS members are overall satisfied with the international system’s present functioning and therefore cherish a conservative, rather than revolutionary, vision of the global economy.
In the book, the authors maintain that uprisings similar to the ones of the Arab Spring can be typified as “dynamically multilevel” processes involving individuals, groups, and states with continually shifting priorities due to existing risks of potential violence and instability
This Report by Frans Paul van der Putten focuses on China’s dispatch of a force protection unit to Mali with the UN’s peacekeeping force MINUSMA and the insights that can be derived from this deployment.