The Dutch have consistently combined excellent economic relations with Russia with a broader critical dialogue, which has included discussions on politically sensitive issues such as human rights. Balancing the two has always been difficult, often leading to tensions in the relationship.
The authority granted by the United Nations Charter to use force to protect international peace and security has long lain dormant. The end of the Cold War, the genocides in Rwanda and Srebrenica and the ‘Brahimi report’ put discussions on the need for greater use of force on the UN’s agenda in the early 2000s.
Training diplomats to increase their effectiveness in international relations and diplomacy can take many different forms. Sessions at Clingendael vary from lectures, expert meetings, exercises to skills training. Yet Clingendael’s full diplomatic training programmes hardly ever take place at our Institute alone.