Gold, oil and the lure of violence:private sector and post-conflict risks in Colombia. This report presents a number of the challenges for Colombia’s post-conflict stability arising from criminal networks and activities in regions associated with the extractive industry – and specifically in regions dedicated to oil extraction and gold mining.
How could foreign policy instruments be helpful in responding to major cyber-attacks? This policy brief provides a first exploration of this topic by investigating five cases of international cyber-attacks which had a great deal of societal impact.
De wereld van vandaag wordt gekenmerkt door verschuivende machtsverhoudingen en oplopende spanningen tussen de grote mogendheden. Hoe gevoelig en kwetsbaar is Nederland, gegeven de internationale verwevenheid van zijn economie, voor deze geopolitieke ontwikkelingen?
To facilitate the debate on the Silk Road initiative, the Clingendael Institute has initiated the Silk Road Headlines, a news service which provides regular updates on news articles from open sources related to China's Silk Road initiative.
This report by Peter van Ham examines whether, and if so how, the BRICS are a security challenge to the European Union (EU). The report argues that, apart from demanding a larger “voice” in global governance, most BRICS members are overall satisfied with the international system’s present functioning and therefore cherish a conservative, rather than revolutionary, vision of the global economy.
This Policy Brief discusses various options for deterring similar cyber attacks in the future. It concludes that covert cyber attacks against China appear to be the most likely US response. However, this Policy Brief also notes that such a course of action would be detrimental to international stability.
This Report by Frans Paul van der Putten focuses on China’s dispatch of a force protection unit to Mali with the UN’s peacekeeping force MINUSMA and the insights that can be derived from this deployment.